Firefighters need to enter a burning building to extinguish a fire and/or to rescue people who have become trapped by fire. The conditions within a burning building range from limited to no visibility, including elevated temperatures. Conditions within a burning building can be very harsh and deteriorate very quickly for the firefighter.
The firefighters can only enter the burning building wearing full personal protective equipment, including self contained breathing apparatus (SCBA). The SCBA provides a limited air supply. The minimum number allowed in a breathing apparatus team is two firefighters.
The first firefighter in the team is known as the team leader. The team leader is responsible for safely leading the team into and out of the building. However, roles may change within the team and another member could have to lead the team out. This is commonly known in the fire service as ‘path-finding’.
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